Showing posts with label Helth of babys. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Helth of babys. Show all posts

Tuesday, July 23, 2019

to teach your baby to fall asleep

Sleep sound - the key to the health of the baby. Recommendations to parents how to organize the time of the child in order to avoid problems with falling asleep. Ritual before bedtime.


Every adult knows how healthy and restful sleep is important for good health. The little man, especially up to one-year-old, sleeps more than half of his life, and he needs a full sleep like air. On how well the baby slept, his harmonious physical and emotional development depends.

Many parents know firsthand how difficult it is to put a baby to bed. Up to about 6 months, the baby still does not distinguish between day and night, sleeping 16-20 hours a day, in small intervals from 30 minutes to 2 hours.

He is often disturbed by an organism that has not yet come to the “norm”, is adapting the digestive and nervous systems, and the musculoskeletal system is being actively formed. Despite the fact that the organism and the daily regimen at this age are only being formed, it is important from the very beginning to pay great attention to how you put your baby to bed.

Proper organization of time before bedtime from the first days of life will help avoid problems with falling asleep in the future.

To take care of the future dream of a baby is already from two weeks of age. Teach the baby to distinguish between day and night: during the day, place it in natural light and sound environment, and at night, turn off the light and keep silence. Pretty soon, the child himself will connect the night with rest and sleep, and the day - with activity. After a couple of months, the child will begin to slowly get used to the regime, but he can still wake up several times during the night: it is quite normal if he wakes up 3 to 6 times. If the baby begins to wake up more often than he needs to eat, try to teach him to fall asleep on his own.

Do not accustom the child to motion sickness, as an obligatory signal necessary for falling asleep.

Many sleep specialists, somnologists, agree that sleep disorders in infants and young children are, as a rule, associated with behavioral stereotypes. Indeed, in the first months of life, the child wakes up for feeding very often, and only after he is satisfied, having listened to the song and having rocked in the cozy mother's hands, he again falls asleep peacefully. But over time, he no longer needs to eat so often, and waking up becomes a kind of habit.

Refusing to sleep becomes a habit until the parents feed him, shake and lull him to sleep. The parents themselves taught the baby to fall asleep in response to certain soothing "signals". Experts JOHNSON'S® Baby believe that they can also teach him to fall asleep on their own. For this, 

it is enough to change the wrong stereotypes of behavior and to organize the day schedule and time before bedtime.

Starting from 3-6 months, it is recommended to switch to a clear daily regimen. Feeding, laying in bed, waking up - everything should obey a single schedule, and with time the child will develop a habit that will help him fall asleep more easily. Of course, the mode should not be "stick": closely follow the desires of the baby himself, but try to protect the child from everything that can agitate him before going to bed, do not start games and noisy mess.

The attitude towards the bed in which the baby sleeps is also important. Use it for its intended purpose, try not to play with him on the bed, do not feed him in it. Let it be the "temple of sleep", which the child associates only with tranquility and peaceful dreams. Try to maintain a constant comfortable temperature, lighting, and silence in the room.

Even swaying the baby, put him in a bed not sleeping, but only falling asleep.

It is best to put the baby in the crib and move away so that the crumb falls asleep in the crib alone, that is, independently. Gradually, independent sleep will become the norm for him. Waking up at night, the baby will fall asleep again independently, and will not require the attention of parents. Somnologists call this "complacency".
Think of the ritual before bedtime and try to stick to it every day. In each family, the sequence of actions will be different: it depends on the habits, age, and health of the baby. For babies under a year, experts recommend the following bedtime ritual:
  • Warm soothing bath with a gentle crema.
  • A relaxing massage with moisturizing oil.
  • Change the diaper and the last day feeding.
  • Lullaby or bedtime story.

Warm soothing bath with gentle crema

A great hypnotic is swimming in warm (but not hot) water. Daily bathing stimulates blood circulation, improves the skin condition of the baby, develops its nervous system. JOHNSON'S® Baby experts recommend using Johnson'S® Baby shampoo of the “Before bed” series with lavender aroma for bathing. Lavender has long been known for its calming effect. The composition of these funds also includes a unique formula "No More Tears ™", which will protect the eyes of the baby in case of accidental foam.

Relaxing massage with moisturizing oil

Immediately after the soothing bath, you can make your baby a soothing massage with baby oil. Apply a small amount of oil on the palm of your hand and gently massage your baby's skin with stroking movements. Baby massage will not only prepare the baby for sleep but also allow you to establish a more gentle and trusting relationship with the baby. Thanks to the aromatherapy effect, JOHNSON'S® Baby oil "Before bed" with lavender aroma will set the baby in a calm and healthy sleep.

Diaper change and last day feeding

You can use suitable Baby Powder with the scent of lavender and chamomile. It perfectly absorbs excess moisture, protecting the baby's skin from irritation and maintaining a feeling of freshness.

Lullaby or bedtime story

A great way to calm the baby is to sing a quiet lullaby or tell a fairy tale. It doesn’t matter that he still does not understand the meaning of your words: the quiet and gentle voice of his beloved mother will act soothingly.
Repeat these simple and pleasant actions every day, and after 1-2 weeks the baby will get used to the ritual and will gladly recognize familiar procedures, tune in to sleep and ... fall asleep quietly.

Baby has been working on children's sleep problems for many years. During this time, dozens of studies have been conducted and an effective program has been developed that allows parents to forget about sleep disorders in babies. Try to follow our advice, and from six months on, use the JOHNSON'S® Baby “Bedtime” product line. Shampoo, foam, soap, oil, milk, cream and JOHNSON'S® Baby powder of the “Bedtime” series, specially created for children's skin, have successfully passed clinical trials, hypoallergenic and pH-neutral. The extracts of healing chamomile and lavender, which are part of them, have a mild sedative effect.

Sunday, July 21, 2019

Types of natural swaddling systems

Natural diapering system or natural reusable diapers: knitted, California diapers, cotton pants with velcro. Pros and cons of natural diapers.


There are many mothers who, despite the efforts of manufacturers of disposable diapers (pampers) do not stop thinking out loud or to themselves, that pampers are evil. Even well-known pediatricians, "giving a good" on diapers), do not convince such moms that polymers on the child's bottom are normal. Moms continue to look for alternatives to pampers.

An alternative to it can be either planting or natural reusable diapers (natural swaddling systems).
Today we will talk about what kind of natural diapers are. Immediately please - these diapers are already in Russia!
The natural swaddling or reusable natural diapers are a system consisting of three main parts:
  1. cotton diaper (absorbs moisture and fixes the liners);
  2. inserts in the diaper (absorb moisture);
  3. top woolen knickers (do not let moisture out and provide optimal thermal and air conditions for baby’s skin ).
Using a natural swaddle system is not difficult. Over time, the skill will come, and you along with the baby will be glad that you have found a middle ground - and the child is surrounded by all natural, and the mother does not fall down from exhaustion.
There are countless options for the main component of the natural swaddling system - cotton diaper. These options are sometimes quite different from each other - and price, and ease of use. Here we will talk about 4 types of cotton diapers, their features, pros, and cons.

1. Knitted diapers with ties

The basis of the principle - the diaper is fixed on the child with the help of straps (this is a dimensionless version).
When using - you have to fold out the diaper and tie the ties.
Wash - some difficulties (it is better to wash the diapers in a special bag, after having tied up the strings so that they are not confused). These diapers dry very quickly.
Fixation and ability to retain moisture - impermeability to moisture is higher than when using a folded diaper.

Costs are minimal.

The most famous among modern reusable diapers. They came up within 1938 a native of Italy, who lived in Argentina, who wanted to facilitate his wife's process of swaddling their young son in gauze diapers. Therefore, this diaper is often called "Italian".
The diaper with strings is a piece of rectangular knitted fabric. In the upper part (where the baby's ass fits) the diaper is wider, so it is better to “lie down” around the abdomen. Two stitches are sewn to a narrower lower part, which is wrapped around the infant's calf, tied with a bow on the stomach and fix the diaper. Ties regulate the width of the diaper,

helping to “fit” the diaper under any infant “waist” individually. The lower part of the "Italian" diaper is very elongated, it is laid inside the diaper and creates an additional layer-pad.
There are night and day methods of swaddling. The night option absorbs more. The absorbency of the diaper depends on the manufacturer and the number of additional inserts (from gauze or bikes). That is, in the daytime, it is enough to use a bike as a liner, and at night (or outside) gauze or gauze in combination with the bike. Thanks to the wide upper part and the elongated lower diaper size can be adjusted. A diaper with strings can be used during the entire period of swaddling - from the very first days until the baby grows up.

Minuses:

  • You will have to spend extra time to properly fold the diapers and prepare them for daily use.
  • It takes some time to properly swaddle the baby, and so that the diaper "sits" well.
  • How these diapers sit on the child and protect it from leakage depends on the skill of the parents.
  • Difficulties in washing (in a washing machine, the strings of diapers can get very tangled, and after washing both diapers and liners must be carefully folded out and shaped into the correct shape).

Pros:

  • They are affordable and inexpensive.
  • Diapers, these "wear-resistant", they can be passed "inherited" from child to child.
  • They dry quickly.
  • Diapers with ties better, compared with gauze, well "sit" on the baby and protect against leakage.
  • No need to buy diapers of different sizes. You can do it alone, adjusting it as the child grows.
  • This way of swaddling meets the highest requirements and does not create any problems with the choice of upper pants and sliders (you can wear pants of any style).
Who is this system for? A diaper with strings will suit parents who are ready not only to abandon modern disposable diapers but also to master this swaddling technique. Proper swaddling of the baby, as well as folding diapers and inserts in a certain way, will take time and training. But such swaddling allows you to experiment with liners and combine outerwear. In a word, it leaves room for fantasy.

2. Cotton Velcro Pants

The basic principle is the use of panties with elastic or velcro, which follow the shape of the diaper (usually several sizes are required, although there are also "one size").
When dressing - the least effort, since they look like disposable diapers industrial production.
Washing - as a rule, does not require much effort; Drying time depends on the manufacturer.
Fixation and the ability to retain moisture - as a rule, very well retain moisture and do not require special skill when dressing.
Costs are high, vary depending on the manufacturer.
These functional diapers practically do not differ from industrial disposable diapers. Not only parents but also grandmothers and grandfathers will cope with them.
Unfortunately, this option is the most expensive, since the process of making pants is very time-consuming. In addition, pants of different sizes will be required, that is, additional costs will arise due to the fact that pants will have to be changed every three to six months (3 sets of 15 pieces are required each - for size S, M, L). If the pants are dried in the dryer, then they will "sit down" from time to time and the size will have to be changed faster.
Exception: “one size pants” (“one size”). With the help of buttons or sticky tape, their size (width, length, and volume of the leg) can be adjusted. It is believed that a set of 15 pants "one size" may be enough for the entire period of infancy. But an individual set for each child is too expensive, the pants are worn out, so they are unlikely to be used again for other children. An older baby (6-10 months) will require additional inserts. Diapers from different manufacturers can vary greatly in price.

Minuses:

  • Enough expensive (but cheaper than industrial disposable diapers).
  • Long dry.

Pros:

  • Just dress up (almost the same as putting on a ready-made diaper).
  • High degree of protection against leakage.
  • They are easy to use.
  • Easy to wash.
  • As a rule, no pre-folding before drying and before use is required.
  • The high absorbing ability.
Who is this system for? First of all, those parents who are not constrained in finance. This is a good choice for parents who have used disposable diapers for a long time and are accustomed to the convenience they provided. Velcro cotton pants are often used by parents of grown-up babies since they do not create difficulties for either the child or the adult.

3. California diapers

The basic principle is that the diaper can be without straps, fasteners and other fasteners. It is held at the expense of the upper woolen pants with velcro. Wool pants with velcro (felted wool) sit tight on the baby, and therefore the diaper is securely fastened. In addition, often it does not require inserts, that is, the diapering system consists in this case not of three (diaper, liners, upper pants), but of two parts (diaper and upper pants).
When using - put a little effort.
Wash - minimal effort.
Fixation and the ability to retain moisture - depends on the ability of parents and the quality of diapers and pants.
Costs are higher than when using diapers on ties. Depend on the manufacturer.
No one knows exactly where the name "Californian diaper" came from. In America, it is called "Prefolds" (folds in the front), sometimes - a "multi-layered" diaper. The "California" diaper is fairly easy to use. It is a sewn rectangle of multi-layered cotton twill. Due to this, when used in front, a tight fold is formed, which perfectly absorbs even without additional liners. Thinner outer folds provide reliable protection against leakage. As a rule, "California" diapers come in three sizes, differ in length and, accordingly, in density. The size of the diaper is chosen so that you can wear the upper pants of standard sizes - S, M, L or XL.
Diapers are made mainly from bleached or unbleached cotton (unbleached cotton is denser and better absorbs cotton). But these diapers have drawbacks: in the first months of an infant’s life, their smooth surface does not hold liquid stools well enough, and by the end of the second year of life, they don’t fit very well and do not fit well on an older child. Nappies for the Californian type of swaddling of different firms of manufacturers practically do not differ from each other.
A common feature of diapers with fixing pants is the lack of fasteners and drawstrings. Diapers are held with the help of upper pants, which, in turn, are fixed with stickies. Sometimes liners in this system are connected to diapers. As the top pants for this system are suitable as pants from microfiber, and from natural wool. Wool pants should be made of felted wool, as the elastic bands on knitted pants easily stretch and, accordingly, do not hold the panty liners. These diapers are quite popular, as there is no strict division by size, and you can use two sizes of panties at the same time.

Minuses:

  • Poor protection against leakage, so the upper pants get dirty faster.
  • It takes skill in order for the diapers to sit well and fulfill their functions.
Pros:
  • All components are very easy to wash and dry quickly.
  • The number of diapers and pants for one child is minimal.
  • There is no need to fold and store diapers in a specific way.
  • High level of absorption (may vary depending on the manufacturer).
  • The amount of tissue around the hips of the child is minimal, it gives greater freedom of movement.
  • On the contrary, there is a lot of folds behind and in front; this provides high protection against leakage.
Who is this system for? A diapering system with inserts and pants resembles the use of ready-made diapers and creates less difficulty than folded diapers or diapers with ties. These diapers are a good compromise for parents who want to save money and at the same time strive to provide comfort and convenience to themselves and their baby. Choosing these diapers, you will get rid of the need to pre-prepare the liners and learn various ways of swaddling, you will not have difficulties with washing and drying.

4. folded diapers

The basis of the principle - large square diapers fold in a certain way. These are dimensionless diapers.
When using - additional efforts are required in order to properly fold the diaper.
Washing - does not require much effort. Diapers dry quickly.
Fixation and the ability to retain moisture - requires some skill; Absorbency depends on the materials used and the skill of the parent.

Costs are minimal.

This is a traditional type of diaper, which was used by our grandmothers and mothers. Today in Europe it is used extremely rarely, but here in Moscow, any practicing midwife can show how to fold a diaper from a diaper. The first thing that comes to mind at the mention of it is a large (approximately 80x80 cm) cloth diapers, which fold in a certain way and wrap the baby in them. Traditionally, gauze or rag liners were used for this type of diaper (usually it was worn soft fabric), but both of them have very low absorption and are suitable only for newborns. Now there are diapering systems with double diapers, which absorb - due to the fabric structure - twice as much as gauze. At such swaddling special clips, clamps can be used, which firmly secure the cloth diaper. Thanks to this, these diapers can be used not only for newborns but also for grown-up children. The technology of folding diapers for this type of diaper can be quickly mastered, but the diapers will have to be re-added each time.

Minuses:

  • Efforts must be made to fold the diapers before using them.
    Insufficient absorption (if gauze is used).
  • A large number of inserts in the kit for one child, especially a newborn.
  • With some ways of folding the diaper may restrict the movement of the child.
  • It is not always possible to achieve perfect form and eliminate the possibility of leakage.

Pros:

  • By choosing this type of diaper, you can save a lot.
  • Diapers can be used later as bib wipes or in other diapering systems.
  • Diapers are easy to wash, they dry quickly.
Who is this system for? You should not choose this type of swaddling only because of its “traditionality” and relative cheapness. Parents who decide to choose this system should be aware that these diapers are very different in all respects from modern diapers. They will have to take on additional responsibilities and devote much more time and attention to both their baby and the diapers and diapers in which it is wrapped.
In addition, in order to properly learn how to fold diapers and wrap the baby in them, you must first practice for a while and then carefully and gently fold them again and again with each use.
Gauze diapers can be a good solution for newborns when the absorbency of diapers is not so important. In the future, this gauze can be used for other purposes (as an insert in a knitted diaper with ties).

How to feed a child with autism

The child does not eat anything: selectivity in food or developmental feature?

80% of children with developmental disorders have problems with eating. There may be very different reasons behind this - both physical (for example, difficulties with chewing, swallowing) and associated with food selectivity. How to help such children? For Russia, this topic is quite new. The situation in the United States, where much attention is paid to the study of autism spectrum disorders (RAS), is slightly better. The Naked Heart Foundation for Children, which works to create a free services system for families raising children with special needs, invited Valeriy Volkert, the director of the children's eating disorder Marcus Center at Emory University to discuss this issue.
Also Read: How to Teach Your Baby to Fall asleep.

How often do nutritional problems occur in children with special needs?

Often, children with special needs are very selective in eating. This interferes with parents but does not affect the physical development of the child. But there are more severe eating disorders. For example, a child generally does not take food and water through the mouth and receives it through a gastrostomy tube or a probe.
At the same time, problems with nutrition and, for example, autism should be very carefully linked. If a child does not eat well, this does not mean that he has autism. We, experts, do not include feeding problems as diagnostic criteria for autism. But if we are talking about a number of symptoms that indicate rigidity, inflexibility in behavior, including excessively high food selectivity, this may indicate autism.
And here I would pay attention to one more moment. If a child prefers not too healthy food, for example, semi-finished products with high carbohydrate content and at the same time refuse vegetables and fruits, then in kindergarten or school, this child may have problems with learning because of an unbalanced diet.
Eating is a very important and multifactorial process that can be disrupted for a variety of reasons. Therefore, the successful solution of this problem may require the knowledge and efforts of various specialists - gastroenterologists, nutritionists, physical and occupational therapists, as well as specialists in the field of applied behavioral analysis.

When should a child learn to eat by himself?

We expect the child to eat on their own by two years. If this does not happen, then there may be a lack of self-help skills, a lack of motivation, or both factors together.
The process of self-eating seems simple and natural, but actually consists of many stages: you need to want to eat at all, then take a fork or spoon in your hand, scoop up the food with a spoon or chop it on the fork, bring the device to your lips, put in your mouth close your mouth, chew and swallow.
To teach a child to eat on their own, you need to understand which of the stages of eating have difficulties. I would recommend using physical hints - for example, hand support at all the steps described.
But there are children who have all the necessary skills for eating, but for some reason, they do not want to do this. This may be due to a lack of hunger. Or maybe, for them, unlike us, food is not at all something pleasant — that is, reinforcement.
Of course, to teach a child to eat independently, you can use various reinforcements (something that motivates, interests a child) - toys, cartoons, etc. It is important to change the consequences (what the child gets) depending on whether he ate or notate the food.
First, we propose, for example, independently eat a spoonful of yogurt. It is worth noting that the more food on a spoon, the less likely that the child will eat it. About 5-10 seconds are allocated for independent food intake. If the child does not do this, then the adult gives him three to five spoons in a fairly fast mode. If suddenly a child is sick (and this is not related to a medical reason), then it is worth responding calmly, not focusing on it, not making comments or comments, washing the baby, but then continuing the feeding process. If the child is sick of only one type of certain food, and everything else he eats calmly, then this type of food should be abandoned and replaced with something else.

How to teach a child to keep food in the mouth, swallow and chew it?

There are special methods that teach a child to keep food in the mouth, for example, serving food with a spoon overturning. First, hold the spoon with food straight, bring it to the mouth, then place it in the middle of the tongue, press on the tongue with the back of the spoon, then turn the spoon 180 degrees in the middle of the tongue, the food remains in the mouth, and remove the spoon from the mouth.
Also, for some children, food in the mouth helps to keep the chin support. After all, very often children with problems in eating eat with their mouths open, with their heads tilted down, and then the food itself falls out of the mouth.
A child with chewing difficulties may try to swallow before eating, try to stretch the food, pressing it with the tongue to the sky. To avoid this, it is necessary, as soon as the food gets into the child’s mouth, to say to him: “Chew five times” (or more, depending on the consistency of the food). It is necessary to explain what needs to be done. In the process of how a child chews, we loudly think: "One, two, three ..." If the process was a success without an additional hint, we praise the child very much.

What other approaches for children with eating disorders do you use?

It is important to adhere to the following rules:
  • Avoid reinforcement of unwanted behavior in the child when you refuse to eat (do not remove the food and do not remove the requirement to eat if the child shouts, turns away or tries to throw out the food);
  • insist on eating, praise and encourage the child if he begins to eat;
  • maintain an adequate feeding rate (not too fast, but not too slow, so that the baby is not distracted).
At the beginning of the aid program, the amount of food that the child needs should be capable of, the texture of the food should not radically change. Keep a clear schedule of meals (the duration of one should not be more than 30 minutes). Limit the child’s walk with food — use high chairs. Remove the distractions - TV, tablet, etc.). Show a positive example and do not demonstrate that you don’t like some products - children copy it instantly. As often as possible, offer children new tastes and new types of food. New products enter in small portions.
You can also use the strategy of simultaneous delivery of two types of food: for example, if a child loves ketchup, then food is poured over them, which he does not particularly like so far. Another way to get your child interested in new food is to mix food: for example, add a little unloved carrot to your favorite apple sauce. First, the proportion of 90% apple and 10% carrot, gradually the proportions change, and the number of carrot increases.
Another strategy is a sequence of tasks with a high probability of accomplishment: an adult gives a child a series of preferred foods and then gives an unpredictable type of food. For example, cracker, cracker, cracker, and then - broccoli.